Two people are required to play chess. Playing chess also requires a grid made up of eight columns and eight rows. When beginning to play chess each player chooses a side, either black or white. These sides are named after the two traditional colors of the pieces.
The chess game is completed when one side is unable to move its king without it being captured. Playing chess need not be carried out to its conclusion. If a player believes his or her loss is inevitable, he or she may elect to “resign.” Playing chess can also end in a draw if both the kings on both sides are unable to make a legal move which would not endanger them with “check.” Another possible outcome to a chess game is for a game to result in a draw. A draw may occur in one of three ways. The first is called a stalemate, which is when a player has not remaining legal moves remaining in the chess game but his or her king is not in check. The second is called threefold repetition. Threefold repetition is when the same position occurs three times, although these movements need not occur sequentially. It may even occur if two different pieces of the same type exchange positions. This is considered a draw because it is presumed that if the same organization of pieces has occurred in a chess game no further progress will be made. The only time this is not a draw is when it is the continual movement of a king in and out of check. The third time a draw may be called is known as the fifty-move rule. This can be invoked during chess games if there has not been a pawn move or piece capture during the last fifty successive moves. Although players may agree to a draw as early as they desire, unless specifically forbid by tournament rules, ethical considerations generally preclude this course of action while one participant in the chess game still has a reasonable chance of victory. Another way that chess games may conclude is if players run out of time. Outside of when two people play chess casually, games are played with varying amounts of time. When a player’s time runs out they lose, so long as their opponent has enough pieces to force a checkmate.
The first publication of the rules of dictating how competitors were meant to play chess matches was in 1497 by Luis Ramirez de Lucena. People began to playing chess tournaments in the sixteenth century. Wilheim Steinitz was crowned the first official World Chess Champion in 1866. People have continued to play chess in an attempt to take the title since that time. The title of World Chess Champion is currently heard by Viswanatan Anad. However the game is played by a wide variety of people from all walks of life. Playing chess is popular across many demographics. Although playing chess is very simple to learn, mastery is impossible.